Topic: Wind, water, sun

From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishwindwind1 /wɪnd/ ●●● S2 W2 noun    1 air (also the wind) [countable, uncountable]DN moving air, especially when it moves strongly or quickly in a currentwindy  The wind blew from the northeast.  Planes were unable to take off because of high winds. crosswind, downwind, headwind, tailwind, trade wind, upwind2 get/have wind of something3 breath [uncountable]BREATHE your ability to breathe normallyget your wind (back) (=be able to breathe normally again, for example after running)knock the wind out of somebody (=hit someone in the stomach so that they cannot breathe for a moment) second wind, → windpipe 4 in your stomach [uncountable] British EnglishMI the condition of having air or gas in your stomach or intestines, or the air or gas itself SYN gas American English  I can’t drink beer – it gives me wind.  ‘What’s wrong with the baby?’ ‘Just a little wind.’5 take the wind out of somebody’s sails6 see which way the wind is blowing7 something is in the wind 8 winds of change/freedom/public opinion etc9 put the wind up somebody/get the wind up10 the winds/the wind section11 like the wind 12 talk [uncountable] British English informalUNTRUE talk that does not mean anything break wind, → it’s an ill wind (that blows nobody any good), → sail close to the wind, → straw in the windCOLLOCATIONSadjectivesstrongThe wind was so strong he could hardly stand.light/gentle (=not strong)Winds tomorrow will be light.high winds (=strong wind)High winds are making driving conditions difficult.a cold/chill windThere was a cold wind this icy/biting/bitter wind (=very cold)She shivered in the icy wind.a gusty/blustery wind (=not blowing steadily)A blustery wind was sending light flurries of rain against the window.a fresh wind British English (=quite cold and strong)It will feel colder in places exposed to a fresh northeasterly wind.a 20-/40-mile-an-hour windThe walkers struggled in 35-mile-an-hour winds.gale force/hurricane force winds (=very strong)He was buffeted by the gale force winds.the north/south etc wind (=coming from the north etc)They sought shelter from the north wind.a northerly/southerly etc wind (=coming from the north etc)A fresh northerly wind was speeding the ship southwards.the prevailing wind (=the most frequent wind in an area)The prevailing wind comes from the west.verbsthe wind blowsA cold wind was blowing.the wind picks up (also the wind gets up British English) (=becomes stronger)The rain beat down and the wind was picking up.the wind drops/dies down (=becomes less strong)The wind had dropped a little.the wind howls (=makes a lot of noise)The wind howled round the house all night.the wind changes (=starts blowing from a different direction)The wind had to change before his fighting ships could sail against the Spanish.phrasesa gust of windA gust of wind rattled the blowing/swaying/flapping etc in the windThe trees were all swaying in the wind.wind + NOUNwind speedWind speeds of up to 80 miles an hour were recorded. THESAURUSwind air moving in a current, especially strongly or quicklyA cold wind was blowing from the east.Strong winds caused damage to many buildings.breeze a gentle pleasant windThe trees were moving gently in the breeze.A slight breeze ruffled her hair.draught British English, draft American English /drɑːft $ dræft/ a current of cool air which blows into a room, especially one that makes you feel uncomfortableThere’s a bit of a draught in here – can you close the door?a strong windgale a very strong windThe ship was blown off course in a severe gale.Howling gales and torrential rain continued throughout the night.hurricane a storm that has very strong fast winds and that moves over water – used about storms in the North Atlantic OceanThe hurricane devastated Florida and killed at least 40 people.typhoon a violent tropical storm – used about storms in the Western Pacific OceanA typhoon has hit the Philippines, lifting roofs off houses and uprooting trees.tornado (also twister American English informal) a violent storm with strong winds that spin very quickly in a circle, often forming a cloud that is narrower at the bottom than the topThe town was hit by a tornado that damaged several homes.cyclone a violent tropical storm with strong winds that spin in a circleA devastating cyclone struck Bangladesh in April that year.This cyclone was traveling at speeds in excess of 21 miles per hour.Examples from the CorpuswindWe tie up the boats and wade up the creek towards it, enveloped in a wind of fine mist.You can even feel the deck shift beneath your feet or shiver in the ice cold arctic wind.There was a biting wind from the right which made all the dead winter stems rattle and rustle feverishly.A bitter wind was blowing from the Easta 30-mile-an-hour windA sudden gust of wind blew the paper out of his hand.Some kind of wind had risen outside and was whistling through the rotten window casement and the ill-fitted panes.With the rain came a southerly wind, moderate at first but then steadily increasing until it built to gale force.Strong winds caused damage to many buildings.But everyone erupted into giggles and bolted down the street as free of deference as the wind.Gregson felt the wind whipping around him, felt the chill grow more intense.The flags fluttered gently in the wind.We walked home through the wind and the rain.She could not believe that the typhoon winds of change could alter our family.knock the wind out of somebodyNone of this has knocked the wind out of me, so to speak.Seeing an actual reproduction of it knocks the wind out of me.